There are several different forms of eczema and dyshidrotic eczema or dyshidrosis is one of them. This type of eczema causes rash and blister breakouts leading to itch and sometimes pain, on the hands and feet.The rash may be short-lived and disappears in 3 weeks or less. However, it can also be severe and even disabling and interfere with the person’s daily functioning. Dyshidrosis may seem contagious but they are not, but an individual can suffer from it several times.
Treatment for dyshidrotic eczema helps relieve the itchiness and discomfort. Natural remedies for this skin condition have been proven effective in alleviating the symptoms as well. Medicines, topical creams and UV treatment also work in dealing with dyshidrosis. Of course, following precautionary measures can be of great help in preventing the rash to reappear.
Dyshidrosis was once thought to be a disorder of the sweat glands caused by profuse sweating. But studies revealed that most patients in no way sweat profusely. Moreover, an in-depth examination of the blisters revealed that they are actually serum and not sweat coming from blood vessel. Dyshidrotic eczema is viewed as eczema or dermatitis on the fingers, palms, toes and soles. In this condition, the skin is inflamed and filled with fluid. After 2 or 3 weeks, the blisters will dry out with visible cracks forming which are both unsightly and painful.
Unlike other forms of eczema, experts do not know the exact cause of dyshidrosis but believe that it could be associated with:
- Atopic dermatitis
- Localized skin infection
- Hay fever
- Chemical exposure
- Seasonal allergies
Children and adults alike can be affected by dyshidrosis. It is estimated to affect 1 out of 5,000 individuals across the globe, particularly during the summer months. Statistics also showed that it more frequently occurs in females than males especially those who are in their 20s and 40s.
Aside from being a female, the chances of suffering from dyshidrotic eczema are high due to:
- Constant stress
- Exposure to harsh chemicals and moisture
- Seasonal allergy
Appearance of Dyshidrotic eczema
It is not difficult to identify dyshidrosis because it exclusively affects the skin on the hands and feet, particularly on the fingers, palms, toes and soles. This type of eczema can be identified as small fluid-filled blisters that develop on one or both hands and feet. They are terribly itchy and sometimes painful especially when big blisters appear. Once the blisters dry out, cracks or fissures start to form which can be extremely painful.
Dyshidrosis can be more than an inconvenience for some individuals. The condition can be socially frustrating and physically debilitating and severely affects the person’s day to day functioning. And because they are itchy, the urge to scratch is intense, thus, inviting nearby pathogens or bacteria to feed on it and cause infection. If it has become recurrent or show signs of infection, such as the development of fever, then a trip to the doctor is necessary. The doctor will conduct patch test, potassium hydroxide test, skin scraping or biopsy to determine what triggers the dyshidrosis.
Dyshidrosis normally responds to treatment. However, some treatment strategies might not work with some individuals and work for others. Besides, the same treatment strategy that worked for the person might not be effective during the next flare-up. That is why the doctor will recommend a variety of treatment methods involving:
- Corticosteroid creams/ointments
- Immune-suppressing medications
- Botulinum injections
- Phototherapy or PUVA UV treatment
Dyshidrotic eczema can be treated naturally. Some of the most popular home remedies for itchy blistery rashes are:
To make the salt solution, simply mix salt and water. Then soak the affected hands or feet for 10 to 15 minutes two times a day until the blisters dry up. Make sure to boil chlorine-treated water first before mixing it with salt to prevent irritating the blisters further.
White vinegar solution
White vinegar solution can be made up of 50% water and white vinegar or 60% water and 40% white vinegar for those with extra sensitive skin. The affected hands or feet can be soaked for over 10 minutes. Just like the salt solution, this can be done two times daily until the affected skin starts to peel.
Washing with rubbing alcohol
This is seemingly the easiest and fastest home remedy for dyshidrotic eczema done right after pricking the blisters.
The combination of milk and oatmeal has been found effective in preventing the spread of dyshidrosis as well as in removing unsightly scale. Meanwhile, the application of flaxseed oil helps in smoothing the scaly parts the skin. Home remedy for dyshidrotic eczema is more effective if combined with some precautionary measures by avoiding triggers and doing the right steps to manage the condition accordingly.