Liver spots are brownish, white, reddish, or even blackish anomalies on skin. They are also known as age spots, sun spots, senile lentigines, or lentigos. The colored skin patches usually develop on the exposed areas of the body like the hands, face, or other parts of the body. Liver spots on hands generally affect fair-skinned individuals and are mostly harmless.
These spots look like moles or freckles. However, they are flattened and larger than freckles. Liver spots on hands and elsewhere are most likely to increase in number with an increase in age. Even though the spots are not serious, patients need to seek medical attention when such spots change color, shape, or size.
There are many home remedies and medical treatments which can help remove liver spots.
Causes of liver spots on hands
Some of the causes of liver spots on hands and other parts of the body are listed below:
- An increased age: Older individuals are most prone to developing liver spots, particularly on the face. It may be noted that the growth of skin cells tends to slow down after the age of forty years. Hence, the skin abnormality is most prominent in the elderly. Younger people also develop liver spots on hands and elsewhere. However, their skin tends to regenerate at a faster pace which eventually makes the spots fade away with time.
- Excessive pigmentation:The skin protects itself from the harmful UV rays of the sun by producing melanin. Excessive exposure to natural sunlight or artificial UV rays causes overproduction of melanin which eventually leads to development of liver spots. People who spend a lot of time in the outdoors often develop liver spots on exposed parts of skin like the hands, face, shoulders, neck, etc.
- Skin cancer: Liver spots on hands and other body parts can also be a symptom of a dangerous skin cancer known as melanoma. Hence, if there is any change in the shape, size, or color of the abnormal spots, then patients must immediately consult a doctor.
Treatment and home remedies
Liver spots on hands are harmless and usually tend to fade away on their own. You may however follow the below listed treatment options to clear the unsightly spots:
- Patients may use varied types of bleaches to lighten the darkened patches on skin. It is recommended to consult a dermatologist and get information about the best bleaching creams.
- Patients can also prevent the development of liver spots on hands by avoiding direct contact with the sun in the time between 10 AM to 4 PM, when it is at its most intense. If you have be outdoors then ensure that the skin is properly protected by applying ample sunscreen and limiting the area of exposed skin.
- Surgical methods like cryotherapy and laser therapy can also aid in the removal of liver spots.
Natural remedies for liver spots on hands include:
- Application of natural Aloe Vera or Aloe Vera gel on the affected skin areas
- Use of apple cider vinegar, a mixture of vinegar and olive oil, the fleshy part of cold green papaya, and daily castor oil massages are also helpful.