A rash is a significant change in the skin, either in the texture or the color. The skin can also feel itchy with some redness and look bumpy and scaly. An itchy rash can get worse if one keeps scratching it and can also prevent it from healing. Rashes can be caused by a number of conditions such as allergies to certain food items, medicines or cosmetics or as an impact of some other disease. One of the most prominent causes of rashes on the hand and feet is Contact dermatitis that occurs when one touches something that leads to a reaction. Most of the rashes can be taken care of without a doctor’s help. Most contact rashes can be treated without the help of a doctor.
- Pain and change in color of the skin
- Respiratory problems such as difficulty n breathing and a feeling of tightness in the throat
- Swollen face
- High fever, dizziness and nausea
- Severe pain in the neck and head
- Frequent vomiting and diarrhea
- Pain in the joints
- Red streaks and sensitivity on the affected part of the skin
The most common significant cause of rashes on the hands and feet is the coxsackievirus A16 infection that comes under a type of virus known as nonpolio enteroviruses. Oral ingestion is the major source of this virus. This illness can be contagious through exchange of body fluids such as saliva, droplets that enter the air after the infected person coughs or sneezes. The rashes are more common among children due to diaper change and potty training also children could me more carefree and exposed to external environmental factors and the virus from them can be more easily passed to others. It is also more common during autumn or when there is more heat and humidity in summers. Other causes include chemicals in beauty products such as shampoos, lotions, and detergents. Dyes in the clothes, chemicals in rubber and leather products, and elastic products also cause rashes. Rashes can also be caused as a result of allergic reactions to medications, exposure to extreme weather conditions such as heat, skin disorders like eczema which is more common with asthmatic people. Fecal matter can also transmit the disease from the infected person to the other.
Bug bites and tick bites can also cause skin rashes and can also transmit the same. Rashes can also come as a result of chicken pox and measles or scarlet fever. Other diseases that cause rashes are:
- Fifth disease
- Kawasaki disease
- lupus erythematosus
- rheumatoid arthritis
The doctor primarily starts with a check on body temperature. The major step is to take a skin biopsy, taking skin scrapings for testing. Allergy tests, blood count tests could also be taken.
As of now there is no permanent cure for hand and feet rashes but the main motive should be to reduce the symptoms.
To reduce the pain that comes with rashes one can go for over the counter drugs or pain killers such as paracetamol and ibuprofen or ointments and skin creams. It is however most important to drink plenty of water at the same time. The children should especially be kept away from anyone who is even slightly affected with rashes. If the child himself is having rashes then it is recommended to not send him/her to school.
- Using products low on chemicals such as organic products, mild cleansers etc.
- taking cold water showers than warm water to ease the pain and redness
- allowing the rash to breathe and dry
- stop using cosmetic products
- avoiding the scratching and unnecessarily touching the rash
- covering feet and hands while out in the heat
- Oatmeal bath can cure the rashes and its symptoms. It is equally helpful in eczema, or psoriasis. Moisturizing lotion can also be used but mild ones.
Skin diseases are the most uncomfortable and demand careful healing. Rashes are one of the most prominent symptoms and impacts of any skin disorder. Rashes on hand and feet are more common since these parts are more exposed than other parts of the body. However one can get rid of such ailments without the help of a doctor by careful self monitoring and simple home remedies. It is also essential to maintain a basic hygiene and avoid physical contact with the ones already infected with such skin problems. It is also crucial to be aware of any kind of side effects that could come as a result of medications for some other disease or food allergies as well. Sometimes rashes can also be a symptom of another underlying disease and therefore must not be taken lightly.