It is normal for women to spot at any time prior and during pregnancy. Some of the reasons are benign and should not raise too much concern. Unless spotting soon becomes bleeding, there is usually very little danger associated with the condition. Spotting has been an indicator of a healthy and fertile woman. However, sometimes it may come due to reasons that require medical attention. Sometimes it may be a small issue and at other times it may be due to reasons that endanger the lives of both you and your unborn baby. Here is some information on spotting during ovulation, early pregnancy and late pregnancy. It should give you an idea of what safe spotting is and what heavy bleeding is.
What causes ovulation spotting?
You should try and see if you are ovulating by taking note of the condition of your panty liners. For most women the breasts become tender, and there is an increase in the mucus at the cervix. There may also be some pain on one side, where the ovaries are. However, some women notice that they are spotting when they are ovulating and this is a sign of great fertility.
One school of thought says that the blood is caused by the eggs when it leaves the follicles. People say that the egg causes the follicle to bleed and this is why some women see the spotting. Another theory that has been put across is the sudden increase in the estrogen levels in a woman’s body. Ovulation spotting can happen just before or during ovulation. If you want to have a child then this may be a good sign for you to get intimate with your partner.
Spotting in Early Pregnancy
It is quite normal for some to spot during early pregnancy. In fact it can happen at any time; from conception up to birth. 30 percent of women will have some form of spotting when they get pregnant. There is a big difference between bleeding and spotting and one needs to be aware of that. Spotting is when you notice a few drops of blood that will not even fill the panty liner. In bleeding, you may need a pad so as to stop the blood from soaking your clothes.
What to do when spotting in early pregnancy
As aforesaid, it is normal for this to occur but it is best to tell your attending physician or midwife that you are experiencing this. The doctor will recommend a scan to ensure that all is well. The scan is important so that he or she can make sure that you do not have an ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancies have been known to be fatal, so the scan is very important. Spotting at this time is not an issue and can be caused by sex, an infection, hormonal changes, implantation of the fertilized egg and many other factors. Should the blood increase in mount, or you suddenly feel dizzy and have cramps, then you need to contact your doctor.
Spotting during late pregnancy
It is normal for some spotting to occur during normal late pregnancy. This can usually happen after sex, or after your doctor has performed an internal examination. This should not be a need for concern, tough it would be best to inform the doctor. Any sort of blood during pregnancy should be reported to a doctor of a midwife.
What causes spotting in late pregnancy?
If you are having labor, then you should not be worried since it is normal to bleed a while when your cervix begins to dilate. Other factors that can cause spotting in late pregnancy are
- An internal exam by your doctor or midwife
- Uterine fibroids
- Infections of the cervix or vagina
Should the spotting continue, then it is time to tell your doctor that you need a thorough exam. Heavy bleeding can be caused by
- Placenta abruption – the placenta separates from the uterine wall
- Placenta previa – the placenta grows at the base of the uterus and ends up blocking the cervix.
It is important that you are completely honest with your care provider. He or she should have all the information concerning any spotting or signs of bleeding during pregnancy. You must be on the alert for
- Fever, nausea, diarrhea or vomiting
- Dark red blood
- If you fall or injure yourself in a manner that could affect the baby
- What is the pattern of the spotting
- When was the last time that you had sex
When you notice any spotting, whether in early or late pregnancy, you should put on a clean panty liner and check it every 30-60 minutes. This will allow you to know if the frequency is alarming or not.